The Evolution of ISIS: A Tale of Terror
ISIS is an Islamic terror group that was formed in 1999 by Abu Musab al-Zarqawi. The group began two decades ago as just a mere fantasy then quickly rose to power.
In 1999, a man named Abu Musab moved out of Afghanistan to Iraq and laid the foundation of what eventually grew into the Islamic State of Iraq and Syria (ISIS). His grand vision was a worldwide caliphate! To realize his vision, Abu Musab started butchering anyone who opposed him, including local muslims, He was barely 40 years old when he passed and could hardly be called literate.
Abu Musab al-Zarqawi
Jordanian by birth, Abu Musab al-Zarqawi transformed himself into a nationless freelance terrorist almost over night.
Tactically, geographically, and to some extent philosophically, he established a pattern of inconsistency. His flexibility made him all the more fearsome-and all the more difficult to pin down. Despite a bounty of $25 million on his head and vastly increased media attention over the past five years. The fall of the Taliban in 2001 forced Zarqawi to flee to Iraq and with him went his radical ideals.
He began meeting with Al-Qaeda officers and even got a “small-sum” (250,000$) to put his plans of spreading bin Laden’s ideals across the Islamic world. He became notorious for his violence so much that even al-Qaeda was shocked and requested him to show some kindness while killing people.
Zarqawi died in June 2006 while trying to flee, when the U.S. Air Force dropped a pair of 500-pound bombs on his hideout, 20 miles north of Baghdad.
Until his death, al-Zarqawi kept a home in Zarqa.
The Rise of Baghdadi
Baghdadi’s real name was Hamed Dawood Mohammed Khalil al-Zawi; he was born in 1959. He was a former officer in Saddam Hussein’s army, some info says he was an intelligence officer, but left after he embraced Salafist ideology in 1985. He was one of the most prominent promoters of Salafist ideology. He was made head of Jaish al-Taefa al-Mansoura then swore allegiance to al-Qaeda in Mesopotamia, which later formed, with other groups, the Mujahedeen Shura Council in Iraq.
Early on in his life, Baghdadi’s nickname was “The Believer.” When he wasn’t in school, he spent much of his time at the local mosque, immersed in his religious studies; and when he came home at the end of the day, according to one of his brothers, Shamsi, he was quick to admonish anyone who strayed from the strictures of Islamic law.
When Baghdadi graduated from the University of Baghdad in 1996, he enrolled in the recently-established Saddam University for Islamic Studies where he studied for a master’s in Quranic recitation, his favorite subject
Baghdadi’s emerged in 2014 as a radical terrorist who ordered and broadcast on YouTube the beheading and even burning alive of those he deemed his enemies
The 10-minute strike between 12.35 and 12.45 in the morning on May 10th 2017 is claimed to have killed him and up to half a dozen senior leaders of the group, as many as 30 field commanders and more than 300 fighters who had been brought in to guard the meeting.
Assault on Mosul
In June 2014 the IIslamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIS) forces captured Mosul, Iraq’s second-largest city. Three years later, ISIL’s last urban stronghold in Iraq and its self-proclaimed caliphate are quickly crumbling. The city, which still houses more than one million people, is currently besieged by an internationally led coalition of Iraqi forces.
Brussels and Ankara Attacks
On October 10, 2015 A car bomb exploded near a bus stop in Ankara, the capital of Turkey, killing at least 37 people on 13 March. The Kurdistan Freedom Hawks claimed responsibility for the attack which injured more than 70 people.
That same month, the Islamic State downed a Russian passenger jet, killing all 224 people on board.
Two weeks later, an assault across Paris killed more than 100 people.
Attack on Ataturk
three suicide bombers – almost certainly Isis members – opened fire on the crowd at Istanbul’s Atatürk airport before blowing themselves up, killing at least 42 people and injuring hundreds. It was the fifth terrorist attack in Istanbul that year.
as Christians went to celebrate Good Friday in Egypt, there were explosives planted in two churches that were packed full of Egyptian Christians. The first bomb went off in the front row of the church and was very well documented by CNN and other news reports.
Confirmation of Baghdadi’s Death
The most recent ISIS news is that it was confirmed that Baghdadi was killed in the Syrian strike and that now ISIS was in a race against time to find a new leader to success him. Can we make more headway in the fight against ISIS now that their leader is known to be dead? The clock is ticking.